Antibiotics are substances which are used to treat different type of infestation of the human organism by viruses bacteria, fungi or protozoa. Antibiotics work by killing or inhibiting the growth of the mentioned biota.
That's why anti-viral, anti-fungal, and anti-parasitic drugs can be also called antibiotics. Antibiotics are obtained from microorganisms or through a half-synthetic approach. Natural antibiotics more often are produced by actinomycetes. Antibiotics are divided into 3 groups by the possible effect on the foreign microorganisms:
Bacteriostatic (microorganisms are alive but cannot reproduce)
Bactericidal (microorganisms are killed, but they are still present in the body)
Bacteriolitic (microorganisms are killed, and there cellular wall is dissolved)
Antibiotic treatment consists in making the correct choice of necessary drug which is harmless to the host and in the same time effective against microorganisms which cause the infection. The effectiveness of an antibiotic depends on the ability of bacteria to resist or inactivate it.
Flagyl (Flagil, Metronidazole) 20 tablets x 250 mg, 10 vaginal suppositories x 500 mg
Flagyl is an antibiotic used against anaerobic bacteria Peptostreptococcus, Clostridium sp., Bacteroides sp., Prevotella, Fusobacterium, Veillonella and certain parasites such as Trichomonas vaginalis (vaginitis), Giardia intestinalis (lambliosis of bowels and liver), Entamoeba histolytica. This medication is used to treat such conditions: bacterial peritonitis, liver abscesses, abscesses of the ovaries and the Fallopian tubes.
Tetracycline 20 tablets x 100 mg
Tetracycline is used for treating infections caused by certain bacteria. Tetracycline is a tetracycline antibiotic. It works by slowing the growth of sensitive bacteria by interfering with the production of proteins needed by the bacteria to grow. Slowing the bacteria's growth allows the body's defense mechanisms to destroy them.
Augmentin tablets 375/625/1000 mg
Augmentin tablets cantain the active ingridients clavulanic acid and amoxicillin. Amoxicillin is a type of drugs called penicillin-like antibiotics. Amoxicillin works by stopping the growth of bacteria. Clavulanic acid is the medicine which prevents bacteria from destroying amoxicillin. Augmentin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that kills a wide variety of bacteria that cause a wide variety infections.
Amoxicillin antibiotic 500 mg, tablets/capsules
Amoxicillin belongs to a group of antibiotics called penicillins. It works by interfering with the ability of bacteria to produce cell walls. The cell wall of the bacteria protects cells from entering the xenogenic substances inside the cells and stop the content of bacteria cell from leaking away. Amoxicillin inhibits the production of transpeptidase(enzyme that is important in biosynthesis of peptidoglycan). Peptidoglycan is essential component of the bacteria that substantiates the cells walls. Amoxicillin is effective against aerobic Gram-positive bacteria: Staphylococcus spp, Streptococcus spp and aerobic Gram-negative bacteria: Clostridium tetani, Clostridium welchii, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Neisseria meningitidis, Bacillus anthracis, Listeria monocytogenes, Helicobacter pylori, Klebsiella spp.. Amoxicilin is less effective against: Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella typhi, Shigella sonnei, Vibrio cholerae. Bacteria that produce b-lactamase are resistant to the preparation.
Sumamed antibiotic (Azitromycin) all forms
Azithromycin is used to treat certain bacterial infections, most often bacteria causing middle ear infections, tonsillitis, throat infections, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia and sinusitis. It is also effective against certain sexually transmitted infectious diseases, such as non-gonococcal urethritis and cervicitis. Recent studies have also shown it to be effective against late-onset asthma, but these findings are controversial and not widely accepted as of yet.Upper respiratory tract infections: bacterial pharyngitis/tonsilitis, sinusitis and ottitis media. Lower respiratory tract infections: bacterial bronchitis, acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, interstitial and alveolar pneumonia. Skin and soft tissue infections: erythema migrans (first stage of Lyme disease), erysipelas, impetigo and secondary pyoderma. Sexually transmitted diseases: uncomplicated urethritis/cervicitis. Gastric and duodenal infections caused by Helicobacter pylori.
Doxicycline ( Doxycycline ) 100 mg, 20/40/60 capsules
Doxycycline is an antibiotic of the tetracycline group. The drug exerts broad-spectrum bacteriostatic effects. The preparations mechanism of action consists in inhibition of certain protein production in bacterial cells through binding to the 30S ribosome subunit. Due to insufficiency of needed proteins the bacterial cell is unable to multiply. The preparation affects gram-positive an negative bacteria.